This article discusses the Acetamide Formula, often known as the acetic acid amide formula or the ethanamide formula. Acetamide Formula is a non-toxic organic substance. Acetamide Formula has the chemical formula C2H5NO at the molecular level.
Acetamide Formula is an odourless, crystalline crystal substance with a musky aroma. Pure acetamide has an unpleasant bitter flavour. Red beetroot naturally contains it. Acetamide Formula is a crystalline solid white in its purest state. Dehydrating ammonium acetate yields it (C2H7NO2). Acetamide Formula can be produced using dried hydrogen chloride gas, anhydrous acetic acid, and acetonitrile in the presence of the chemical compound acetyl chloride.
Acetamide Formula Structure
Acetamide Formula has the chemical formula C2H5NO or CH3CONH2. Additionally, Acetamide Formula has a molar mass of 59.07 g/mol. A methyl group (-CH3) is attached to a carbonyl (CO) and an amine in the acetamide (NH2). Additionally, the carboxylic acid amide functional group of Acetamide Formula has the typical structure RC (=O) NH2.
Additionally, the Acetamide Formula is a member of the primary carboxylic acid amide family. Acetamide Formula also exists as a natural compound in nature.
Preparation of Acetamide
An excellent quantity of Acetamide Formula was created by acetylacetone being ammoniated at circumstances that are typically utilised in reductive amination.
Additionally, acetonitrile, extremely well-dried hydrogen chloride gas, and the more important reagent acetyl chloride are utilised in its production together with anhydrous acetic acid and an ice bath. The amount of Acetamide Formula produced in this way is typically low (up to 35 percent), and it is created as a salt with HCl.
Properties Of Acetamide Formula
The properties of Acetamide Formula have been discussed in extensive detail on the Extramarks website and mobile application. Students can refer to the notes and study materials and find all the appropriate and accurate answers in one place conveniently.
Physical properties of Acetamide
The Acetamide Formula comes in clear to translucent, colourless or grey varieties, which allow students to recognise it in the field. It also features a streak of white. Acetamide Formula has a density of 1.17 g/cm3 and a hardness of 1 to 1.5, which puts it roughly in the same range as talc or a somewhat harder substance. Acetamide has a melting point between 79 and 81oC and a boiling point of 221.2oC.
Chemical Properties of Acetamide
Acetamide Formula is a colourless, hygroscopic solid that, depending on its purity, has a mousy odour. Acetamide Formula also has a bitter flavour. Additionally, it belongs to the group of compounds known as acetamides, which are created through the formal condensation of acetic acid (CH3COOH) with ammonia (NH3). Most significantly, acetamide is created when the carbonyl, methyl, and anime groups share electrons.
Occurrence of Acetamide
Acetamide Formula typically forms in stacks of burning waste coal when the temperature is between 50 and 150oC. (122-302oF). Additionally, it only shows up during dry weather. Further, researchers have found it close to the Milky Way galaxy’s centre.
Uses of Acetamide
Acetamide Formula is primarily utilised in explosives and as a solvent for numerous inorganic and organic chemicals. The industrial sector also employs it as a plasticiser and hygroscopic agent. Additionally, they produce methylamine from it and use it as a stabiliser. In addition, it has penetrating and fire-suppressing properties.
Below is an overview of the sample questions on the Extramarks website and mobile application:
- How do researchers create acetamide in a lab setting?
Solution: This method of hydrating ammonium acetate is used by scientists to create acetamide in lab settings.
CH3C(O)NH2 + H2O = [NH4][CH3CO2]