Zinc Nitrate Formula

Zinc Nitrate Formula

Zinc is a chemical element with the symbol Zn and its atomic number 30. It does not exist as an element, but as a mineral containing other chemical elements. It is an essential trace mineral in the human body and is found in high concentrations in red blood cells. Furthermore, it is a common metal. Zinc is mainly used for plating other metals to protect them from rust. Zinc metal is used in crafts such as roofing materials and as zinc oxide. Nitrogen is a chemical element and has the symbol N. Its atomic number is 7 and its electronic configuration is 1s2 2s2 2p3. It is the 7th element of the periodic table. An important component of amino acids. It is one of the best-known substances in the world. It is an essential element for all life forms and is the fourth most abundant element in biological biomass after hydrogen, carbon and oxygen. It is used in the production of fertilizers, nitric acid, nylon, dyes and explosives.


Zinc Nitrate Formula is an inorganic compound with the formula Zn(NO3)2 ad is a colourless crystalline solid. Used as a catalyst in the production of plastics, the production of chemicals and the production of pharmaceuticals. Used to synthesise coordination polymers in the laboratory. Nitrogen compounds are mostly water-soluble and are usually formed by dissolving zinc in nitric acid.

Zn + 2HNO3 ——> Zn(NO3)2 + H₂

Heat decomposes into zinc oxide and oxygen when heated.

2Zn(NO3)2 ——> 2ZnO + 4NO2 +O2

Structure Of Zinc Nitrate

The chemical formula of zinc nitrate is Zn(NO3)2. In this structure, each nitrogen atom contains three oxygen atoms and satisfies the octet rule. It is composed of 2 nitrogen atoms, 6 oxygen atoms and 1 zinc atom.

Preparation Of Zinc Nitrate

Zinc Nitrate Formula is made by dissolving zinc in a solution of nitric acid

Zn + 2 HNO3 (diluted) ——> Zn (NO3) 2 + H₂

4Zn + 10 HNO3 (enriched) ————→ 4Zn (NO3) 2 + NH4NO3 + 3H2O

When heated, it decomposes with temperature to form zinc oxide, oxygen, and nitrogen dioxide. 2Zn (NO3) 2 ———→ 2ZnO + 4NO2 + O2

Properties Of Zinc Nitrate Formula

Properties of Zinc Nitrate and Zinc Nitrate Formula can be accessed from the website of Extramarks.

Physical Properties Of Zinc Nitrate

  • The molecular mass of zinc nitrate is 189.40 g/mol
  • It is a white crystalline solid
  • Soluble in water and alcohol
  • Its density is 2,065 g/cm3
  • Its boiling point is 125 °C.
  • And its melting point is 110

Chemical Properties Of Zinc Nitrate

The chemical Zinc Nitrate Formula is Zn(NO3) 2

Zinc nitrate solution in water. The chemical formula of the reaction is:

Zn(NO3) 2 + H2O ——> Zn2 + + ZNO3–

Zinc Nitrate Formula reacts with sodium carbonate to form zinc carbonate and sodium nitrate, and the result is a white precipitate. Zn(NO3) 2 + Na2CO3 —–> ZnCO3 +2 NaNO3

Uses Of Zinc Nitrate

  • Zinc nitrate is used in the synthesis of coordination polymers
  • Used as a strong oxidising agent
  • Used for liquid fertiliser
  • Used as bleach or binder
  • Used as a binder when dead

Sample Questions

Question 1: Is Zinc Nitrate Formula an acid or base?

Answer: Zinc Nitrate Formula is acidic. When zinc nitrate is added to an aqueous solution, hydroxide anions derived from water can release nitrate anions. HNO3 seems not to be a molecule. The reaction leads to the formation of hydronium ions. This is why the solution is considered acidic.

Question 2: Is the solubility of the Zinc Nitrate Formula high or low?

Answer: When zinc nitrate is poured into water, it does not react with water. It dissociates into the ions Zn+ and NO32-. No zinc hydroxide is produced. Therefore, adding zinc nitrate to water is a physical change, as the chemical properties of zinc nitrate do not change in water.

Question 3: What is zinc used for?

Answer: Zinc is a chemical element with the symbol Zn. The main use of zinc metal is in the galvanisation of iron and steel against corrosion and in the manufacture of brass and alloys for die casting. Its uses range from metal products to rubber to pharmaceuticals. Sources of zinc are grains, oysters, red meat, poultry and dairy products.

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