ICSE Syllabus Class 9 Geography

ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus

All students must understand the ICSE curriculum for 2023–2024. On the syllabus, you can find a synopsis and a list of the chapters that must be covered in a particular class or grade. The ICSE Board Class 9 Geography syllabus is exhaustive and helps the students to improve their all-around skills. 

It should be mentioned that Class 9 is where students begin to prepare for the Class 10 board exam. The ICSE 9th Syllabus must be finished as quickly as possible. As it may be convenient to you, we have put together a thorough article about the most recent ICSE Class 9 Syllabus 2023.

The Class 9 Geography Syllabus is available on this website. With the assistance of the ICSE Class Geography Solutions, candidates can evaluate the course’s main structure and adequately prepare. To create a successful exam strategy, candidates must thoroughly understand the subject matter and the marking scheme.

Apart from the ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus, Extramarks also offers many other resources such as ICSE Solutions, ISC & ICSE Syllabus, ICSE Sample Question Papers, ICSE Revision Notes, ICSE Important Questions, ICSE Question Paper and more.

Click here to access ICSE Class 9 Geography Solutions.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus: Syllabus Overview

The students should understand the essential information in the ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus. The length of the exam paper, the number of assessments offered throughout the year, the marking scheme, the marking process, etc. are a few of these.

To get a perfect score of 20 on the Internal Assessment, the students must fully comprehend the Internal Assessment component of the Syllabus in order to know what they must accomplish in addition to preparing for the exams. The internal evaluation will be carried out in accordance with the syllabus instructions by the subject teacher and an outside examiner. The subject teacher’s evaluation will receive ten out of the twenty marks. The external examiner’s evaluation will determine the final ten marks. This makes it clear that internal assessments and the suggested assignments must be adequately taken into account if students are to receive good total percentages.

Students must read the ICSE Geography Class 9 Curriculum more than once before developing a study schedule that adheres to it. A well-prepared student makes good use of his time and studies hard. Students can plan their academic schedules wisely by considering all the important aspects.

The ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus is comprehensive and provides students with all the information they need to understand the subject, which is quite clear at first glance. Additionally, it serves as an example of how the ICSE opposes rote learning. With a thoughtfully created syllabus, marking scheme, internal evaluations, and other assignments, ICSE students can completely develop the subject.

Aims of ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus

  • To become familiar with the terms, ideas, and concepts of geography.
  • To elucidate the causal connections between natural events.
  • To comprehend how natural resources are used and how regions grow.
  • To learn about and understand how nations and different parts of the world are interdependent.
  • To be aware of the resources’ availability, to comprehend, justify their application, and to recognise the challenges facing India’s growth.
  • To comprehend and support the efforts made by people to protect and preserve the environment.
  • To gain practical knowledge of maps’ purpose, application, and significance in the study of geography.

The students should be able to tackle these topics with similar knowledge after going over these objectives. Geography shouldn’t be studied just to get good grades on the exam. To support a student’s knowledge, comprehension, and intelligence development, they must be studied with the above goals in mind.

1. Our World

a. Geographic Grid: Longitudes and Latitudes.

  • Concept of latitudes: main latitudes, parallels of latitude, their uses, and their locations with degrees.
  • Concept of longitudes – Prime Meridian, time (local, standard and time zones, Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and International Date Line (IDL). Eastern and Western hemispheres. 

b. Rotation and Revolution

  • Rotation – direction, speed and its effects(occurrence of day and night phenomenon, the sun rising in the east and setting in the west, Coriolis effect)
  • Revolution of the earth and its inclined axis – effects: the variation in the length of the day and night and seasonal changes along with Equinoxes and Solstices.

2. Structure Of The Earth

  • Earth’s Structure: Mantle, core, crust – meaning, extent and composition. 
  • Rocks – the difference between rocks and minerals, types of rocks: igneous, metamorphic, sedimentary, their characteristics and formation. 
  • Volcanoes: Meaning, Types – active, dormant and extinct. Effects – constructive and destructive. Important volcanic zones of the world.
  • Earthquakes: Meaning, causes and measurement. Effects: destructive and constructive. Earthquake zones of the World.
  • Weathering: Meaning, types and effects of weathering. Types: Physical Weathering – block and granular disintegration, exfoliation; Chemical weathering – oxidation, carbonation, hydration and solution; Biological Weathering – caused by humans, plants and animals. 

3. Hydrosphere

  • Meaning of hydrosphere.
  • Tides – formation and pattern. Ocean Currents – their effects(specifically of Gulf Stream, North Atlantic Drift, Labrador Current, Kuro Shio and Oya Shio.)

4. Atmosphere 

a. Composition and structure of the atmosphere. Global warming and its impact. Troposphere, Stratosphere, Ionosphere and Exosphere; Ozone in the Stratosphere, its depletion. 

b. Insolation:

  • Meaning of insolation and terrestrial radiation.
  • Factors affecting temperature: latitude, altitude, distance from the sea, the slope of land, winds and ocean currents. 

c. Atmospheric Pressure and Winds.

  • Meaning and factors that affect atmospheric pressure.
  • Major pressure belts of the world.
  • Factors affecting direction and velocity of wind–pressure gradient, Coriolis Effect.
  • Permanent winds – Trades, Westerlies and Polar Easterlies.
  • Periodic winds – Land and Sea breezes, Monsoons.
  • Local winds – Loo, Chinook, Foehn and Mistral.
  • Variable winds – Cyclones and Anticyclones.

d. Humidity

  • Meaning
  • Precipitation – forms (rain, snow, and hail).
  • Types of rainfall – relief/orographic, convectional, cyclonic/ frontal with examples from the different parts of the world. 

5. Pollution 

a. Types – air, water (fresh and marine), soil, radiation and noise.

b. Sources: 

  • Noise: Traffic, factories, construction sites, loudspeakers, airports.
  • Air: vehicular, industrial, burning of garbage.
  • Water: domestic and industrial waste.
  • Soil: chemical fertilisers, biomedical waste and pesticides.
  • Radiation: X- rays; radioactive fallout from nuclear plants.

c. Effects – on the environment and human health.

d. Preventive Measures:  Carpools, promotion of public transport, no smoking zone, restricted use of fossil fuels, saving energy and encouragement of organic farming.

6. Natural Regions Of The World

  • Location, area, climate, natural vegetation and human adaptation.
  • Equatorial region, Tropical Deserts, Tropical Monsoon.

7. Map Work

On a map of the world with an outline, you must find, identify, and mark the following:

  • The Major Natural Regions of the world – Equatorial, Tropical Monsoon, Tropical Deserts.
  • The Oceans, Seas, Gulfs and Straits – all Major Oceans, Caribbean Sea, North Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, South China Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of Carpentaria, Hudson Bay, Persian Gulf, Gulf of Mexico, Gulf of Guinea, Bering Strait, Strait of Gibraltar, Strait of Malacca.
  • Rivers – Mississippi, Colorado, Amazon, Paraguay, Nile, Zaire, Niger, Zambezi, Orange, Rhine, Volga, Danube, Murray, Darling, Hwang Ho, Yangtse Kiang, Ob, Indus, Ganga, Mekong, Irrawaddy, Tigris, Euphrates.
  • Mountains – Rockies, Andes, Appalachian, Alps, Himalayas, Pyrenees, Scandinavian Highlands, Caucasus, Atlas, Drakensburg, Khinghan, Zagros, Urals, Great Dividing Range.
  • Plateaus – Canadian Shield, Tibetan Plateau, Brazilian Highlands, Patagonian Plateau, Iranian Plateau, Mongolian Plateau.

ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus: Exam Pattern

Before they even begin studying for the exam, students are torn between the two key components of success: hard work and smart work. When choosing smart work, students should be fully aware of the exam’s format so they may arrange their time effectively and prepare for the test with confidence. The ICSE geography exam for class 9 includes 100 marks, of which the written examination accounts for 80 and the internal assessment for 20.

There will be a two-hour paper worth 80 marks and a 20-mark internal assessment. The question paper is divided into Part I and Part II.

  • Part I: There are two questions in Part I which are required. While Question 2 consists of a map-based question, Question 1 comprises short answers from the full curriculum. All questions are to be answered.
  • Part II: Students must choose any of the five questions for Part II.

Acing The ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus

To stand out from the crowd of students, you must have a well-organised study schedule and regular practice.To ace the exam, it’s crucial to take no shortcuts. The class 9 ICSE geography curriculum attempts to educate students on key concepts and terminology in the subject. Given the extensive curriculum, it is crucial to comprehend the ideas fully. If you’re wondering how to ace this subject, keep reading to learn some incredible study techniques and strategies:

  • Before anything else, arrange your study area. Concentration is aided by cleanliness, which also eliminates all external distractions.
  • Take advantage of diagrams and flowcharts as much as you can. It saves your time and breaks up the monotony of studying.
  • Solve sample papers from prior years to get a feel for the kinds of questions you might encounter in the future.
  • Don’t rush through the study portion. Understanding and expressing the ideas in your own words can help you retain the important details and get higher grades.
  • While studying, take periodic breaks.
  • Describe your answers to others—this aids in clearing your thoughts and identifying your weak points.

Preparation Tips For ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus

Here are some of the best tips for the ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus:

  • Create a schedule using the curriculum to cover the challenging subjects efficiently.
  • Try to follow your daily study schedule and complete 90% or more of the daily study content.
  • Make plans for revisions each week and each month. Make a few adjustments if you want to remember the majority of the information you studied. Solving exam problems from Past Years to better comprehend the exam questions on a subject.
  • Take steps to lessen the anxiety and stress that come with learning. Make your course summary engaging. You can plan your study time such that your favourite subjects to read about and study alternate.
  • Keep a positive attitude and confidence. Pay close attention to the work you do at school. To better understand the concepts and increase speed and accuracy, go through and solve many questions and Past Year Question Papers.
  • Drink lots of water throughout the day, get enough good sleep, and eat healthy foods.

Some Tricks for ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus

  • Carefully plan your studies: Before it’s too late, make a study plan. As you become familiar with the subject, make sure to practise the questions that will appear on the exam.
  • Increase Your Speed: To increase your speed and accuracy for the forthcoming exam, practise answering questions from the last ten years.
  • Examine Your Books: The majority of ICSE board questions only refer to your texts. Therefore, read through your books completely.
  • Maintain Physical Wellness: Recognise that the strength of your muscles and abs has an impact on your mental health. It is always a good idea to go for a morning run or to take a 30-minute break to play badminton in the evening to relieve mental stress.

Benefits of ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus

  • Students may benefit from using the ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus to do better on exams and earn higher grades.
  • The syllabus thoroughly describes each chapter and topic that students will study throughout the academic year.
  • The course overview lists the topics students must master and the creative assignments they can do during the entire year.
  • The ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus is also followed by the professors, and students can prepare by referring to it.
  • Professionals who carried out a comprehensive and in-depth curriculum analysis prepared the syllabus.
  • The evaluation pattern for the Geography Curriculum helps students feel less anxious because they are used to the exam style.

ICSE Geography Class 9 Syllabus

There is one paper of two hours duration carrying 80 marks and Internal Assessment of 20 marks. The question paper consists of Part I and Part II.

Part I (compulsory) consists of two questions. Question 1 consists of short answer questions from the entire syllabus and Question 2 consists of a question based on Map. You are expected to answer all questions.

Part II. You are required to choose any five questions.

1. Our World

(i) Earth as a planet

Shape of the earth. Earth as the home of humankind and the conditions that exist.

(ii) Geographic grid – Latitudes & Longitudes

(a) Concept of latitudes: main latitudes, their location with degrees, parallels of latitude and their uses.

(b) Concept of longitudes – Prime Meridian, time (local, standard and time zones, Greenwich Mean Time (GMT) and International Date Line (IDL). Eastern and Western hemisphere.

(c) Using latitudes and longitudes to find location. Calculation of time.

(d) Great Circles and their use.

(iii) Rotation and Revolution

Rotation – direction, speed and its effects (occurrence of day and night, the sun rising in the east and setting in the west, Coriolis effect)

Revolution of the earth and its inclined axis – effects: the variation in the length of the day and night and seasonal changes with Equinoxes and Solstices.

2. Structure of the Earth

(i) Earth’s Structure

Core, mantle, crust – meaning, extent and their composition.

(ii) Landforms of the Earth

Mountains, plateaus, plains (definition, types and their formation): Mountains – fold, residual and block. Plateaus – intermont and volcanic. Plains – structural and depositional. Examples from the world and India.

(iii) Rocks – difference between minerals and rocks, types of rocks: igneous, sedimentary, metamorphic, their characteristics and formation; rock cycle.

(iv) Volcanoes

Meaning, Types – active, dormant and extinct.

Effects – constructive and destructive.

Important volcanic zones of the world.

(v) Earthquakes

Meaning, causes and measurement.

Effects: destructive and constructive.

Earthquake zones of the World.

(vi) Weathering and Denudation

Meaning, types and effects of weathering.

Types: Physical Weathering – block and granular disintegration, exfoliation; Chemical Weathering – oxidation, carbonation, hydration and solution; Biological Weathering – caused by humans, plants and animals.

Meaning and agents of denudation; work of river and wind.

Stages of a river course and associated land forms – V-shaped valley, waterfall, meander and delta.

Wind – deflation hollows and Sand dunes.

3. Hydrosphere

Meaning of hydrosphere.

Tides – formation and pattern.

Ocean Currents – their circulation pattern and effects. (Specifically of Gulf Stream, North Atlantic Drift, Labrador Current, Kuro Shio and Oya Shio.)

4. Atmosphere

(i) Composition and structure of the atmosphere

Troposphere, Stratosphere, Ionosphere and Exosphere; Ozone in the Stratosphere, its depletion. Global warming and its impact.

(ii) Insolation

  • Meaning of insolation and terrestrial radiation.
  • Factors affecting temperature: latitude, altitude, distance from the sea, slope of land, winds and ocean currents.

(iii) Atmospheric Pressure and Winds

  • Meaning and factors that affect atmospheric pressure.
  • Major pressure belts of the world.
  • Factors affecting direction and velocity of wind – pressure gradient, Coriolis Effect.
  • Permanent winds – Trades, Westerlies and Polar Easterlies.
  • Periodic winds – Land and Sea breezes, Monsoons.
  • Local winds – Loo, Chinook, Foehn and Mistral.
  • Variable winds – Cyclones and Anticyclones.
  • Jet Streams – Meaning and importance.

(iv) Humidity

  • Humidity – meaning and difference between relative and absolute humidity.
  • Condensation – forms (clouds, dew, frost, fog and mist).
  • Precipitation – forms (rain, snow, and hail).
  • Types of rainfall – relief/orographic, convectional, cyclonic/ frontal with examples from the different parts of the world.

5. Pollution

(a) Types – air, water (fresh and marine), soil, radiation and noise.

(b) Sources

  • Noise: Traffic, factories, construction sites, loudspeakers, airports.
  • Air: vehicular, industrial, burning of garbage.
  • Soil: chemical fertilizers, bio medical waste and pesticides.
  • Radiation: X-rays; radioactive fallout from nuclear plants.

(c) Effects – on the environment and human health.

(d) Preventive Measures

Carpools, promotion of public transport, no smoking zone, restricted use of fossil fuels, saving energy and encouragement of organic farming.

6. Natural Regions of the World

Location, area climate, natural vegetation and human adaptation.

Equatorial region, Tropical grasslands, Tropical Deserts, Tropical Monsoon, Mediterranean, Temperate grasslands, Taiga and Tundra.

7. Map Work

On an outline map of the World, you are required to locate, mark and name the following:

  1. The major Natural Regions of the world – Equatorial, Tropical Monsoon, Tropical Deserts, Mediterranean type, Tropical grasslands, Temperate grasslands, Taiga and Tundra.
  2. The Oceans, Seas, Gulfs and Straits – all Major Oceans, Caribbean Sea, North Sea, Black Sea, Caspian Sea, South China Sea, Mediterranean Sea, Gulf of Carpentaria, Hudson Bay, Persian Gulf, Gulf of Mexico, Gulf of Guinea, Bering Strait, Strait of Gibraltar, Strait of Malacca.
  3. Rivers – Mississippi, Colorado, Amazon, Paraguay, Nile, Zaire, Niger, Zambezi, Orange, Rhine, Volga, Danube, Murray, Darling, Hwang Ho, Yangtse Kiang, Ob, Indus, Ganga, Mekong, Irrawaddy, Tigris, Euphrates.
  4. Mountains – Rockies, Andes, Appalachian, Alps, Himalayas, Pyrenees, Scandinavian Highlands, Caucasus, Atlas, Drakensburg, Khinghan, Zagros, Urals, Great Dividing Range.
  5. Plateaus – Canadian Shield, Tibetan Plateau, Brazilian Highlands, Patagonian Plateau, Iranian Plateau, Mongolian Plateau.

For viewing question paper please click here

FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Why is Class 9 Geography Exam Preparation with ICSE Sample Paper important?

It is crucial to study using Sample Exams for the following reasons:

  • Sample papers are the best place to find new questions.
  • They support navigating competitiveness.
  • You will learn from more questions about your mistakes.
  • They will prepare you for all the mind tricks you will soon encounter.
  • They will aid you in comprehending the format of the exam.
  • They will assist in helping you recognise both your conceptual strengths and weaknesses.
  • They will provide you with excellent time management assistance during the exams.

2. Are students able to prepare for final exams with the help of the ICSE Class 9 Geography Syllabus?

The ICSE Syllabus of Class 9 Geography is created to make it simple for students to understand all of the important subjects and concepts. The crucial chapters can also be understood by the students, who can thus gain a sense of what to study and how to organise their preparation.

3. Is a perfect score on the ICSE Solutions for Class 9 Geography possible?

Yes, anyone may pass the Class 9 exams with a perfect score if the Extramarks ICSE syllabus is used properly. Students should become familiar with the subject’s syllabus according to the most recent ICSE rules before starting their exam preparations. Students who regularly study important concepts will develop a solid understanding of the subject. Students that have a good study strategy will be able to achieve high exam scores confidently.

4. How can one study using the ICSE Class 9 ICSE curriculum?

The subjects and concepts studied in ICSE Class 9 should not be committed to memory by students. Before answering any question that might be asked on the exam, they must fully comprehend the concepts. When the students have finished studying all of the chapters, they should try to answer the ICSE Class 9 ICSE textbook exercise questions. After answering the practice problems in each chapter, check the ICSE Solutions to verify whether there are any errors or if all of the questions have been successfully solved. After closely comparing your answers to the solutions, move on to the questions that call for proper answers. To enhance your problem-solving skills, make it a habit to practise these solutions every day.