ICSE Syllabus Class 9 Yoga

ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus

Yoga is a branch of science that helps one be mentally, spiritually, and physically fit. On the Extramarks website, students can find more detailed information about the ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus. It is recommended that all students review the latest syllabus to ensure that their preparation follows the latest ICSE syllabus. 

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ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus 2023-2024

The ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus is available on the Extramarks website for students who wish to get excellent grades check it out. In this way, the students will be able to divide their study time and prepare for the final exams as effectively as possible. The comprehensive syllabus sets enable the students to study and perform well on their exams. 

ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus is divided into the following sections, as shown below.

Syllabus for Theory Paper:


  1. The Human Skeleton

Functions and the classification; the axial and appendicular skeletal system; the types of joints.

Functions of the human skeleton; the classification of the skeletal system; the axial skeletal system: the skull bones and vertebral column. Curves of the spine: cervical curve, lumbar curve, sacral curve, thoracic curve, coccyx. Rib cage and sternum, the structure and functions (briefly); the appendicular skeletal system: 

Location of the pectoral girdle (scapula and clavicle), bones of the arms; pelvic girdle – ilium,  ischium, pubis; bones of the legs. 

Types of joints: movable, immovable: Pivot, Gliding, Hinge, Ball and socket (with examples). Tendons,  joints, Ligaments, cartilage – definition and the basic function.

  1. The Muscular System

Important muscles of the human body and the importance of a good posture.

Identification of the following important muscles: 

(i) Muscles in the neck and the shoulder area- Trapezius and Deltoid 

(ii) Muscles in the arms-biceps and triceps

(iii) Muscles in the chest – pectorals, intercostal muscles 

(iv) Muscles in the belly-Rectus abdominis, Transversus, oblique, 

(v) Muscles along the spine-Paraspinal muscles 

(vi) Muscles in the buttocks-Gluteal muscles 

(vii) Muscles in the thighs – Hamstrings, Adductors, Quadriceps

(viii) Diaphragm.

Importance of a good posture: An understanding of poor posture (a hunched back, rounded shoulders) can lead to problems like headaches, backaches and sluggishness. A poor posture interferes with healthy breathing.  

  1. The Respiratory System

Parts of the human respiratory system: role of the intercostal muscles, ribs, diaphragm, and sternum; the role of Yoga in the culturing of breath and improving respiration

Parts of the respiratory system: Nasal cavity, Larynx Trachea, Pharynx,  Bronchi, Bronchioles, Lungs, Alveoli (location and function of each part); 

The role of the intercostal muscles, ribs, diaphragm, and sternum for (i) inspiration, (ii) expiration, and how yoga cultures breathing and improves respiration.


Candidates are to know about the lives and teachings of these sages of India: 

  1. Valmiki 

His early Life, meeting with Narada and the event which turned his life; repetition of ‘Mara’ changing to ‘Rama’; the formation of a Valmika (anthill) thus his name Valmiki; the meeting with Rama and Sita; offering shelter to Sita along with her sons Lava and Kusha, when she was left by Rama; the inspiration behind writing the Ramayana; the importance of the Ramayana and its brief story; the liberation of Ravana through Rama.

  1. Kabir

His birth and early life; Meeting and discipleship under Swami Ramananda; His marriage;  death in Magar; Works: Kabir Bijak.Kabir is a social and religious rebel, Concepts expounded by his famous dohas.

  1. Mirabai 

Her birth and early life; connection from childhood with Sri Krishna; marriage to Prince Bhojraj; Akbar disguised as the merchant visiting her; Ill treatment faced at the hands of her in-laws after her husband’s demise (incident showing her drinking the poison and still unaffected); Her last days in Vrindavan; the importance of her songs and poems.


  1. Guru and Shishya

Importance of the Guru in Yoga, the qualities of Guru, types of shishya and the relationship between the Guru and shishya.

  1. Patanjali and his contributions to Yoga 

A life story (in brief), the contribution to Sanskrit grammar, the Ayurveda and the Yoga sutras.

  1. Ashtanga Yoga as defined in the Yoga Sutras 

Bahiranga and Antaranga sadhana

The Five Yamas 

Asteya, Ahimsa, Satya,  Aparigraha, Brahmacharya, 

The Five Niyamas 

Saucha, Tapas, Santosha, Svadhyaya, Ishwar Pranidhana.

A note on the Kriya Yoga as explained in the sutra 2.1 

(a) Asanas (b) Pratyahara  (c) Pranayama (d) Dharana (e) Dhyana (f) Samadhi


  1. An Understanding of the Yoga 

Definition of Yoga: as per Patanjali, as found in the Bhagavad Gita. (Yoga is excellence in works/action) 

What distinguishes Yoga from other types of physical exercise? To be discussed in relation to the link between the mind, body, and spirit as well as how Yoga fosters this harmony. Injuries and imbalances are also addressed by Yoga on an organic level (how the action of Yoga reaches the inner organs and heals the chronic ailments from the roots).

  1. Psychological aspects of the asana practice

Reactivity threshold; the psychological aspects of Meditative and relaxing postures, back bending asanas, forward bending asanas, standing asanas, balancing asanas and inverted asanas. 

-Reactivity threshold: One gets less reactive in daily life by focusing on the breath rather than the discomfort felt when performing an asana.

− Relaxing and meditative poses promote self-control, calmness, and steadiness

− Asanas that bend forward help the mind become calm, release tension, and 

become humble.

− Asanas that involve back bending energise the body and boost self-esteem.

− Standing poses: Aid in grounding the practitioner in reality. Strengthen your endurance and steadiness.

− Balancing asanas: Sharpen attention and concentration

−Inverted poses: Hormone balance, which makes them anti-depressant and anti-anxiety.

  1. Pancha Koshas

Panch Koshas – concept in the Taittiriya Upanishad: Manomaya, Annamaya Pranamaya, Anandamaya kosha, Vijnanamaya, 

A fundamental knowledge of the relationships between the sheaths that make up the human body, starting with the ones mentioned above. An awareness of the connection between the life force (prana), the physical body (Annamaya), and the energy circulating in the body, as well as the connections between thoughts (Manomaya) (Pranamaya).

  1. Pancha Pranas

Prana, Samana, Apana, Udana, Vyana 

Location and the basic functions of the above five pranas.

  1. The Seven Chakras 

Muladhara, Swadhisthana,Anahata,  Manipura, Visuddhi, Sahasrara ,Ajna, 

Location and functions; the element chakra is associated with; the colour of the chakra.

  1. Sutras

Sutras 2.29. 2.46 

The above two sutras should be known by their meanings.

  1. Yogachara: the concept of wellness through the four pillars of Yoga 

(i) Ahar (diet)

An introduction to the terms of Sattva, Rajas and Tamas as applied to food; The benefits of a healthy diet and how it  affects physical, emotional and mental well-being. Importance of the following: 

(a) Incorporating seasonal fresh fruit and vegetables into the diet 

(b) Drinking an adequate amount of water throughout the  day 

(c) Health hazards of taking an excess of any aerated drinks, refined flour, salt, white sugar, and packaged foods.

(d) Concept of the mitahar (as in Hatha Yoga), the importance of eating the right quality and quantity of any food. 

(ii) Vihar (relaxation and recreation) 

Importance of  conscious relaxation as in shavasana, doing recreational activities (like developing creative hobbies) in which body, mind and emotions are involved. 


The importance of maintaining discipline in daily activities, such as getting enough sleep and waking up on time for meals.

(iv) Vichar (thoughts) 

The concept of positive thinking, pratipaksha bhavana, understanding the temporary nature of anything through Anitya bhavana, the attitude of gratitude and forgiveness, and surrendering the ‘I ‘sense. 

Syllabus for Internal Assessment:

The practical work is divided into two different sections as follows: 

Section A (40 Marks): Course Work – The teacher will evaluate the coursework based on the ongoing evaluation. The candidate’s performance in the following areas will be evaluated: 

(a) Degree of effort and development in his or her Yoga practice (judged through periodical tests). 

(b) Helping out during yoga treatment sessions.

(c) Using yoga therapy to enhance their personal health and well-being. 

(d) Taking part in programmes. 

Section B (60 Marks): This section consists of three Practical Tests. 

Test 1: Predetermined Asanas (30 marks) 

The students must perform any six asanas from the given below: 

Utthita Trikonasana, Virabhadrasana I, Virabhadrasana II, Utthita Parsvakonasana, Adho Mukha Svanasana, Shirshasana(half), Karna Pidasana.

Test 2: Directed asanas (20 marks) 

The students must perform 4 or 5 asanas chosen by the teacher. (The teacher will be selecting the asanas from the Class IX syllabus exclusively). The teacher may test the student’s ability to adapt and modify asanas. 

Test 3: Preference of the asanas (10 marks) 

The student will perform two asanas of his/her own choice. 

Important Notes: The student must choose any two asanas from the Class IX syllabus only. 

The student must not choose any asanas that he/she has demonstrated in Test 1 and Test 2 beforehand.

The practical work is to be covered from the given categories below:

(A) Asanas 

  1. Vrikshasana 2. Utthita Trikonasana 3. Utthita Parshva Konasana 4. Virabhadrasana I  II 5. Pada Hastasana 6. Adho Mukha Svanasana 7. Parvatasana 8. Urdhva Prasarita Padasana 9. Virabhadrasana 10. Ustrasana 11. Dhanurasana 12. Bharadvajasana I 13. Shirshasana (half shirshasana, wherein the student may climb the wall and then rest the toes on the wall while doing this shirshasana) 14. Marichyasana 1 (Twist only) 15. KarnaPidasana 16. Salamba Sarvangasana I 

(B) The Surya Namaskar

(C) Breathing\pranayama

  1. Anapanasati – sensing the in and out breath in the nasal passages for at least 3 minutes to start with in order to slow down thoughts. This can be slowly extended to 5 minutes or more. 
  2. Abdominal Breathing, the students must be made aware that the belly should move strictly outwards when we inhale and must move inwards when we exhale. 
  3. The Full Yogic breath: (a) Clavicular breath, (b) Abdominal breath, (c) Thoracic breath 

Paper Pattern of ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus

In the ICSE Yoga Class 9 exam pattern, details such as the number of questions, the method of distributing marks, and the number of mandatory questions are given. The exam pattern is, therefore, useful to the students before they begin preparing for the exam. Students can study the ICSE Yoga Class 9 Paper Pattern to prepare for the upcoming board exams. 

There will be two hours of paper carrying 100 marks and an Internal Assessment of 100 marks.

Paper I (Theory) will be for two hours of 100 marks. The paper is divided into four sections, as given below: 

Section I: 40 marks 

Section II: 20 marks 

Section III: 20 marks 

Section IV: 20 marks 

Section I is compulsory. Candidates are required to attempt all the questions from this section. Students will not be given any choice of questions. 

Sections II, III, and IV may have a certain choice of questions. Candidates will be required to attempt any two questions from each section. 

The above sections will be according to the sections given in the syllabus. 

Paper II (Internal Assessment) will have 100 marks.

Stay tuned to the Extramarks website to get the latest updates  on the ICSE syllabus and the marking scheme of the exam, timetable, and other exam details. Students should regularly visit the Extramarks website for the latest update on ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus

ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus & Study Materials 2023-24 – Click For More Details

During the preparation, students will get  a better understanding of the subjects they will study in class. Thus, they can refer to the ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus to get  a good score. 

It is available on the Extramarks website, where you can download the ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus. Students can also access various other study materials by clicking on the links below.

  • ICSE Solutions
  • ICSE Yoga Class 9 Notes
  • ICSE sample question papers
  • ICSE revision notes
  • ICSE important questions
  • ICSE question paper

Students may click here to access the ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus on Extramarks.

ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus

There will be two hours of paper carrying 100 marks and an Internal Assessment of 100 marks.

Paper I (Theory) will be for two hours of 100 marks. The paper is divided into four sections, as given below: 

Section I: 40 marks 

Section II: 20 marks 

Section III: 20 marks 

Section IV: 20 marks 

Section I is compulsory. Candidates are required to attempt all the questions from this section. Students will not be given any choice of questions. 

Sections II, III, and IV may have a certain choice of questions. Candidates will be required to attempt any two questions from each section. 

The above sections will be according to the sections given in the syllabus. 

Paper II (Internal Assessment) will have 100 marks.

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FAQs (Frequently Asked Questions)

1. Where can I find ICSE Class 9 Yoga Syllabus?

The students of Class 9 can find the syllabus for all subjects of Class 9 on the Extramarks website. You just have to sign in using your email id. The PDFs are well-curated so that every student can clearly understand  the latest syllabus. These are curated by our subject experts , who have had many years of teaching experience and know how to deal with their doubts and queries regarding the subject. These experts also  provide the best possible materials to help them excel in exams.

2. What are the benefits of studying with the help of the ICSE Class Class 9 Yoga Syllabus?

The students of Class 9 get a better idea about the course and  the most important topics which should be covered thoroughly. They also get to know about the weightage and  the questions that are important from the examination point of view. This helps them in using their time more efficiently and helps them manage their core  subjects simultaneously. They also get a good  understanding of how the examination of Class 9 Yoga will take place, among other important things.